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Development of Asian Bond Markets and Challenges: Keys to Market Expansion

□ Published by Satoshi Shimizu

□ Published on September 2018

□ Summary of the article:

Asian bond markets have expanded significantly in terms of quantity and have grown more mature than before in terms of quality. However, the degree of bond market development varies widely across countries, and the formation of well-balanced financial systems has yet to be completed. In South Korea and Malaysia, which have corporate bond markets that are relatively well developed, laws, regulations and market infrastructure have been established as a result of ongoing market development efforts since before the Asian financial crisis of 1997, and there are many bond issuers and investors. On the other hand, in other countries such as the Philippines and Indonesia, where market development has lagged behind, the issuance of corporate bonds started in earnest only in the mid-2000s. As a result, policy measures for market development have not necessarily been implemented sufficiently, and there are relatively few issuers and investors. In addition, as these countries have structural problems in their financial systems, it is difficult to change the situation in which banks act as the main providers of finance. In the future, it will be necessary to devote efforts to market development and continue to hold discussions on the role of the corporate bond market. Meanwhile, concerning countries whose corporate bond markets are well developed as well, there remain many problems that must be corrected, such as the ill-balanced
mix of issuer industries and the underdevelopment of investors’ investment skills, leaving room for further market development.

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